Basel is a city in north-western Switzerland with borders to Germany and France, situated on the river Rhine. The city has around 200’000 residents, making it the third-most populated city in Switzerland. The language most spoken is Baaseldytsch, the only German-Swiss dialect that is associated to the Alemannic language. Basel is referred to as the cultural capital of Switzerland and is famous for its many museums. Those include Foundation Beyeler, the largest museum of art in Switzerland, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, which is the first public museum of contemporary art in Europe.
Basel has served as a safe haven for notable individuals such as Erasmus of Rotterdam, the Holbein family, Friedrich Nietzsche, Carl Jung, and in the 20th century also for Hermann Hesse and Karl Jaspers. The University of Basel is the oldest university in Switzerland and was founded in 1460. Basel joined the Swiss Confederation in 1501. Since the Renaissance, the city has served as a major economic and cultural hub. In the 20th century, Basel became a hub for the chemical and pharmaceutical sectors. Today, in addition to being the unchallenged leader in the life sciences industry, Basel offers a robust ecosystem for a variety of different businesses, including medtech, precision engineering, logistics, commerce, and consumer products. Basel is also known in the world as it is associated with Roger Federer and as it hosts Art Basel.